Middle East Technical University Institute of Applied Mathematics Seminars

How can (worst-case optimal) joins be so interesting
Semih Salihoglu
Cheriton School of Computer Science, University of Waterloo, Canada
Özet : Worst-case optimality is perhaps the weakest notion of optimality for algorithms. A recent surprising theoretical development in databases has been the realization that the traditional join algorithms, which are based on binary joins, are not even worst-case optimal. Upon this realization, several surprisingly simple join algorithms have been developed that are provably worst-case optimal. Unlike traditional algorithms, which join subsets of tables at a time, worst-case join algorithms perform the join one attribute (or column) at a time. This talk gives an overview of several lines of work that my colleagues and I have been doing on worst-case join algorithms focusing on their application to subgraph queries. I will cover work from both distributed and serial settings. In the distributed setting, worst-case optimality is a yard-stick for two costs of an algorithm: (i) the load, i.e., amount of data per machine; and (ii) the total communication. Both load and communication complexity are at a trade-off with number of rounds an algorithm runs. I will describe how to achieve worst-case optimality in total communication and the performance of this algorithm on subgraph queries. It is an open theoretical problem to design constant-round algorithms with worst-case optimal load. In the serial setting, I will describe the optimizer of a prototype graph database called Graphflow that we are building at University of Waterloo. Graphflow's optimizer for subgraph queries mixes worst-case optimal join-style column-at-a-time processing seamlessly with traditional binary joins.
  Tarih : 11.12.2018
  Saat : 15:40
  Yer : Hayri Körezlioğlu Seminar Room, IAM, METU
  Dil : English
  Web : http://iam.metu.edu.tr/event-calendars#colloquia
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